At one point, though, I saw 7 bunnies at once which my toddler loved, as did I. I also went during November, though, when the flowers weren't in bloom. See what you'll need to earn to keep your current standard of living … It is also the fifth-most populous city in the United States and the largest state capital by population,[5] and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents. The largest national ancestries reported were Mexican (35.9%), German (15.3%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.4%), Black (6.5%), Italian (4.5%), French (2.7%), Polish (2.5%), American Indian (2.2%), and Scottish (2.0%). [256] Phoenix is also home to a soccer club, Phoenix Rising FC. [27] The Maricopa are part of the larger Yuma people; however, they migrated east from the lower Colorado and Gila Rivers in the early 1800s, when they began to be enemies with other Yuma tribes, settling among the existing communities of the Akimel O'odham. [207] In addition to the sites of interest in the city, there are many attractions near Phoenix, such as Agua Fria National Monument, Arcosanti, Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Lost Dutchman State Park, Montezuma's Castle, Montezuma's Well, and Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument. [147][148] Phoenix only contributed 13% to the total growth rate of the MSA, down significantly from its 33% share during the prior decade. For example, Scottsdale Road, being the 7200 block east, lies nine miles (14 km) to the east of Central Avenue (72 / 8). the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. [315], The radio airwaves in Phoenix cater to a wide variety of musical and talk radio interests. 1 in Glendale and Thunderbird Field No. "[96] There are 15 urban villages: Ahwatukee Foothills, Alhambra, Camelback East, Central City, Deer Valley, Desert View, Encanto, Estrella, Laveen, Maryvale, North Gateway, North Mountain, Paradise Valley, Rio Vista, and South Mountain. Accordingly, the city is prone to overbuilding during times of economic prosperity. [266], The city council consists of a mayor and eight city council members. [33] In 1863, the mining town of Wickenburg was the first to be established in Maricopa County, to the northwest of Phoenix. [171], In Phoenix, real estate developers face few constraints when planning and developing new projects. 4.5 out of 5. [351] Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center is the world's largest dedicated neurosurgical center and a leader in neurosurgical training, research, and patient care. The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Federal Correctional Institution (FCI) Phoenix, which is within the city limits, near its northern boundary. By 1875, the town had a telegraph office, 16 saloons, and four dance halls, but the townsite-commissioner form of government needed an overhaul. With the Cincinnati Reds' move to Goodyear, half of MLB's 30 teams are now included in the Cactus League.[249]. Desert Breeze Condo – buchen Sie ein Top-Hotel in Phoenix zum Spartarif. [239] Since moving to Phoenix, the Cardinals have made one championship appearance, Super Bowl XLIII in 2009, where they lost 27–23 to the Pittsburgh Steelers. [144], The Phoenix Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) (officially known as the Phoenix-Mesa-Chandler MSA [150]), is one of 10 MSAs in Arizona, and was the 11th largest in the United States, with a 2018 U.S. Census population estimate of 4,857,962, up from the 2010 Census population of 4,192,887. So spring time probably would have been better. [343], Low-weight births (7.5%) were below the national average of 8.1%, yet infant mortality (7.2%) was higher than the rest of the U.S. (6.1%). read more, Close to the airport and downtown Phoenix, is a not miss experience. [214], Many annual events in and near Phoenix celebrate the city's heritage and its diversity. [19] There were three air force fields in the area: Luke Field, Williams Field, and Falcon Field, as well as two large pilot training camps, Thunderbird Field No. [107], Unlike most desert locations which have drastic fluctuations between day and nighttime temperatures, the urban heat island effect limits Phoenix's diurnal temperature variation. "Phoenix: America's Desert Metropolis | Smart Cities Dive", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "10 All-Time Hottest Weather Temperature Days in Phoenix", "Phoenix ranked 7th for most ozone pollution in the nation, receives 'F' on new report", "New Report: Phoenix Air Quality Worsened for Pollution", "Weather in the desert covers the spectrum", "Haboob Alert! phoenix vor ort u.a. The Phoenix Symphony Hall opened in 1972;[72] other major structures which saw construction downtown during this decade were the First National Bank Plaza, the Valley Center (the tallest building in the state of Arizona),[73] and the Arizona Bank building. If you visit while cactus are in bloom all the better. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 96.2 (2006): 248–275. Western Savings and Loan", "Morris Udall Papers – Central Arizona Project", "In Pictures: America's Fastest-Growing Cities from", "Feds OK naming Phoenix peak for soldier", "Obama expected to announce foreclosure plan", "Plight of Phoenix: how long can the world's 'least sustainable' city survive?". [289], As the first decade of the new century ended, Arizona had become the gateway to the U.S. for drug trafficking. The metropolitan area is the 11th largest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.73 million people as of 2017[update]. In addition, the city is also served by numerous free neighborhood papers and alternative weeklies such as the Phoenix New Times' the East Valley Tribune, which primarily serves the cities of the East Valley; and Arizona State University's The State Press.[311]. [261] Some of the system's other notable parks include Camelback Mountain, Encanto Park (another large urban park) and Sunnyslope Mountain, also known as "S" Mountain. From the opening sequences in Psycho,[313] to the night attack by the aliens in 1953's The War of the Worlds,[314] to freeway scenes in Little Miss Sunshine,[313] Phoenix has been the location for numerous major feature films. They include the Arizona State Archives Historic Photographs Memory Project,[292] which includes over 90,000 images that focus on the unique history of Arizona as a state and territory, the Arizona Historical Society,[293] the Journal of Arizona History,[294] and numerous museum databases. Desert crust is a living layer of the soil that helps reduce dust pollution, but it is disappearing rapidly. [165][166] The city averaged a 4 percent annual growth rate over a 40-year period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. [19] Major arterial streets are spaced one mile (1.6 km) apart, divided into smaller blocks approximately every 1⁄8 mile (200 m). [338] The city's electrical needs are served primarily by Arizona Public Service, although some customers receive their electricity from the Salt River Project (SRP). [19][20] They created roughly 135 miles (217 kilometers) of irrigation canals, making the desert land arable, and paths of these canals were used for the Arizona Canal, Central Arizona Project Canal, and the Hayden-Rhodes Aqueduct. [339], In 2011 (the last year for which information is available), Phoenix had a slightly younger population than the country as a whole. Concerts also regularly make stops in the area. This is a mental health center and is the only medical facility run by the state government. At the time, it was the largest masonry dam in the world, forming a lake in the mountain east of Phoenix. It even snowed in our sanctuary for part of it. Many non-native plants also thrive in Phoenix including, but not limited to, the date palm, Mexican fan palm, pineapple palm, Afghan pine, Canary Island pine, Mexican fencepost cactus, cardon cactus, acacia, eucalyptus, aloe, bougainvillea, oleander, lantana, bottlebrush, olive, citrus, and red bird of paradise. Native amphibian species include the Couch's spadefoot toad, Chiricahua leopard frog, and the Sonoran desert toad.[137]. The Catholic Church had an 8% drop, while mainline Protestant groups saw a 28% decline. The urban village of Paradise Valley is distinct from the nearby Town of Paradise Valley. [254] Continue your visit to [277], With Phoenix's rapid growth, one of the prime areas of criminal activity was land fraud. [9], Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. While the mayor is elected in a citywide election, Phoenix City Council members are elected by votes only in the districts they represent, with both the Mayor and the Council members serving four-year terms. [143] In 2016, Phoenix regained the position of 5th most populous city, with the census bureau estimating its population at 1,615,017, edging out Philadelphia with a population of 1,567,872. [19][51][52], A town that had just over 65,000 residents in 1940 became America's sixth largest city by 2010, with a population of nearly 1.5 million, and millions more in nearby suburbs. It operates 23 hospitals as well as specialized facilities. Mesa Air Group, a regional airline group, is headquartered in Phoenix. [19] The territorial capital was moved from Prescott to Phoenix in 1889, and the territorial offices were also in City Hall. [40] With the arrival of the Santa Fe, Prescott and Phoenix Railroad in 1895, Phoenix was connected to Prescott, Flagstaff, and other communities in the northern part of the territory. The Artlink organization and the galleries downtown have launched a First Friday cross-Phoenix gallery opening, as well as hosting Art Detour which has become central to the city's cultural identity. Bring a hat, sunglasses and enjoy the view from the cafe. After seeing a peak in the early and mid-1990s, the city has seen a general decrease in crime rates. On July 15, 2003, Phoenix set its record for the warmest daily low temperature, at 96 °F (36 °C). [255] The Rock 'n' Roll Marathon series has held an event in Phoenix every January since 2004. About 15.7% of non-English speakers reported speaking English less than "very well". It supplied both water and electricity, becoming the first multi-purpose dam, and Roosevelt himself attended the official dedication on May 18, 1911. [356], State capital city of Arizona, United States, "Phoenix City" redirects here. [319] In addition to American, other domestic carriers include Alaska Airlines, Delta, Frontier, Hawaiian, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, and United. However, in several major categories, Phoenix had significantly lower indices of death: deaths by cancer stood at only 57% (106) of the national average of 184.6 deaths per 100,000; deaths due to heart disease, 56.1% of the national rate of 249.8 per 100,000. Why should I care? [205], The tourist industry is the longest running of today's top industries in Phoenix. The two cities look at each other across a golf course. By the end of the decade, Phoenix adopted the Phoenix Concept 2000 plan which split the city into urban villages, each with its own village core where greater height and density was permitted, further shaping the free-market development culture. The Phoenix Union High School was established in 1895 with an enrollment of 90. Before the construction of this building in 1961, federal government offices were housed in the historic U.S. Post Office on Central Avenue, completed in the 1930s. The team has played all of its home games in the same downtown park, now known as Chase Field. Get Involved! Deaths due to HIV and liver disease were exactly at the national average of 2.5 and 10.8 respectively. [335], Freeways and state highways in Phoenix:[335], The Maricopa Association of Governments has a bicycle advisory committee working to improve conditions for bicycling on city streets and off-road paths. Additionally, Phoenix is growing quickly, but there are still bargains to be found. Long-Term Care Ombudsman serve as advocates for residents of all licensed long term care settings. 2 in Scottsdale. [352] More operative neurosurgical procedures take place at BNI than at any other institution in the United States. [307], Phoenix's first newspaper was the weekly Salt River Valley Herald, established in 1878, which would change its name the following year to the Phoenix Herald. The Arizona Upland subdivision of the Sonoran Desert (of which Phoenix is a part) has "the most structurally diverse flora in the United States." There are 21 elementary school districts, which have over 215 elementary schools, paired with 4 high school districts with 31 high schools serving Phoenix. Our guide to the cost of living in Phoenix highlights low housing costs, low rent rates and low income taxes in the city. The first election for county office was held in 1871 when Tom Barnum was elected the first sheriff. The Desert Botanical Garden, which opened in 1939, is one of the few public gardens in the country dedicated to desert plants, and displays desert plant life from all over the world. [21] It is believed periods of drought and severe floods between 1300 and 1450 led to the Hohokam civilization's abandonment of the area. [10] It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. And a lot of snakes. There are still major additions to routes 101, 202 and 303 underway, as well as several other smaller projects around the valley. Res. In the Valley of the Sun, you’ll have the benefits of an urban setting, plus the beauty of the surrounding desert. KTVK 3 (3TV) and KAZT 7 (AZ-TV) are independent television stations operating in the metro area. [61] In 1960 the Phoenix Corporate Center opened; at the time it was the tallest building in Arizona, topping off at 341 feet. My husband was free due to being active military, so that was a bonus. They include the Phoenix Art Museum, Arizona Capitol Museum, Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, Arizona Military Museum, Hall of Flame Firefighting Museum, the Pueblo Grande Museum Archaeological Park, Children's Museum of Phoenix, Arizona Science Center, and the Heard Museum. [267] Sunshine Review gave the city's website a Sunny Award for its transparency efforts.[268]. [195], The downtown Phoenix art scene has developed in the past decade. Males had a median income of $32,820 versus $27,466 for females. Very organized and clear pathways to view... 20.6% of the population of the city was foreign born in 2010. Of the total population, 31.4% of those under the age of 18 and 10.5% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. [82], Phoenix is in the southwestern United States, in the south-central portion of Arizona; about halfway between Tucson to the southeast and Flagstaff to the north. [236] In 2001, the Diamondbacks defeated the New York Yankees 4 games to 3 in the World Series,[237] becoming the city's first professional sports franchise to win a national championship while in Arizona. Phoenix Desert Botanical Garden - Fabulous Fall - Spring environment! As the capital of Arizona, Phoenix houses the state legislature,[269] along with numerous state government agencies, many of which are in the State Capitol district immediately west of downtown. [17] Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study", "Opening day of first model homes in Sun City", "Regional Date GDP and Personal Income for Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Metropolitan Statisitical Area", "Some Investors Bid High on Phoenix Office Market", "May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ", "Music Instrument Museum opens in Phoenix", "The 25 Best American Children's Museums", "Phoenix Art Museum – Permanent Collection", "Art Detour at 30: 5 pioneers who built the downtown Phoenix studio scene", "xeros residence, phoenix: project of the year", "50th Scottish Gathering & Highland Games", "Tempe's iconic Monti's La Casa Vieja closing Nov. 17", "Chart: Some US Cities May Have Too Many Pro Sports Teams", "Phoenix Mercury Win 2014 WNBA Championship", "Arizona Diamondbacks—Major League Baseball", "NFL Officially Awards Super Bowl 57, 58 to Arizona and New Orleans", "New Arizona football team is called the Hotshots: Disrespectful or paying homage? [120][121][122], Generally speaking, the annual minimum temperature in Phoenix is in the mid-to-low 30s. [183] Ballet Arizona, in addition to the Symphony Hall, also has performances at the Orpheum Theatre as well at the Dorrance Theater. On December 6, 1998, snow fell across the northwest portions of the city, and Sky Harbor reported a dusting of snow. Living in Phoenix By Melissa Berry. The cost to get in is a bit steep for non-members, but if consider it as donation to a non-profit... Was nice to walk around and see all the plant varieties. [19], The railroad's arrival in the valley in the 1880s was the first of several events that made Phoenix a trade center whose products reached eastern and western markets. Scattered, low mountain ranges surround the valley: McDowell Mountains to the northeast, the White Tank Mountains to the west, the Superstition Mountains far to the east, and both South Mountain and the Sierra Estrella to the south/southwest. The Board of Supervisors in Yavapai County officially recognized the new town on May 4, 1868, and the first post office was established the following month with Swilling as the postmaster. It would take the organization several years to become official, not filing for Articles of Incorporation until 1975, and not entering into their first Sister City agreement until 1976, with Hermosillo, Mexico. [353] The organization's mission statement states their purpose is to "create people-to-people relationships between the residents of Phoenix and its sister cities through commercial, educational, cultural and artistic exchange programs and events that create and sustain global, long-term, international partnerships and business opportunities for the citizens of Phoenix. [190] The Phoenix Art Museum has the southwest's largest collection of visual art, containing more than 17,000 works of contemporary and modern art from around the world. [240], Sun Devil Stadium held Super Bowl XXX in 1996. There was more new construction in Phoenix in 1959 alone than from 1914 to 1946. [341], In most major categories, Phoenix had a lower incidence of death than the rest of the nation. The Maricopa County Jail system is the fourth-largest in the country. Other network television affiliates operating in the area include KPAZ 21 (TBN), sub-prime mortgage crash. Phoenix has a hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh),[11][12] typical of the Sonoran Desert and is the largest city of America in this climatic zone. Author Prof. Patrick Frank writes of the sculpture that "... most Arizonans look on the work with pride: this unique visual delight will forever mark the city of Phoenix just as the Eiffel Tower marks Paris. Of great concern is the presence of Africanized bees which can be extremely dangerous—even lethal—when provoked. The paper would go through several additional name changes in its early years before finally settling on the Phoenix Herald, which still exists today in an online form. 33.6% of those households have children below the age of 18. [336] Bicycling Magazine ranked Phoenix the 15th most bicycle friendly city of 50 cities in the United States with a population greater than 100,000. The top five industries were: real estate ($41.96), Finance and insurance ($19.71), manufacturing ($19.91), Retail trade ($18.64), and health care ($19.78). Their games are also played at Talking Stick Resort Arena. US Air/American Airlines is the largest carrier at Phoenix's Sky Harbor International Airport. The health system is the 2nd largest employer in Arizona, behind Walmart, employing more than 35,000. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. read more, Was nice to walk around and see all the plant varieties. The population density is 2,797.8 people per square mile, and the city's median age is 32.2 years, with only 10.9 of the population being over 62. There were 514,806 total households, with 64.2% of those households consisting of families: 42.3% married couples, 7% with an unmarried male as head of household, and 14.9% with an unmarried female as head of household. Three other franchise locations opened that year, two years before Ray Kroc purchased McDonald's and opened his first franchise in Chicago, Illinois. [179] The city is also home to the headquarters of U-HAUL International, Best Western, and Apollo Group, parent of the University of Phoenix. A new location three miles to the west of the original settlement, containing several allotments of farmland, was chosen, and lots began to officially be sold under the name of Phoenix in December of that year. [273], The Federal Building is at the intersection of Van Buren Street and First Avenue downtown. [43] The dam would be renamed after Teddy Roosevelt in 1917,[44] and the lake would follow suit in 1959. The original plan was for the east–west streets to be named after U.S. Presidents, with the north–south streets named after Native Americans; but the north–south streets were quickly changed to numbers, with numbered Avenues running to the west of Central, and numbered Streets to its east. the Valley of the Sun. [329] While being the fifth most populous city in the nation, Phoenix's freeways do not suffer from the same type of congestion seen in other large cities. Three other groups also use the facility: Valley Youth Theatre, iTheatre Collaborative[184] and Actors Theater. [42] The first dam constructed under the act, Salt River Dam#1, began in 1903. [81] Crime rates in Phoenix have fallen in recent years, and once troubled, decaying neighborhoods such as South Mountain, Alhambra, and Maryvale have recovered and stabilized. Das erweiterte Stadtgebiet hat vier Millionen Einwohner. [247], Phoenix has an indoor football team, the Arizona Rattlers of the Indoor Football League. At night, the illumination changes color gradually through the seasons. Der Salt River fließt vom Nordosten des Maricopa County durch den Süden von Phoe… A Phoenix Real Estate Blog. [291] Most of the kidnapped are believed to be victims of human smuggling, or related to illegal drug trade, while the kidnappers are believed to be part of Mexican drug cartels.[290]. The largest downtown performing art venue is the Herberger Theater Center, which houses three performance spaces and is home to two resident companies, the Arizona Theatre Company and the Centre Dance Ensemble. "Phoenix now the 5th-largest city in the US, census says", "Census estimates show sharp drop in Arizona's population growth", "Most major U.S. cities show population declines", "Arizona Statistics: Taking a Look at Census 2010", "Large Metropolitan Statistical Areas—Population: 1990 to 2010", "Phoenix Population Counts Lower than Expected", "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data", "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS: 2008–2012 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates", "Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin: 2010", "Arizona – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "State & County QuickFacts – Phoenix (city), Arizona", "SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES: 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles, "2010 U.S. Hispanics or Latinos of any race make up 40.8% of the population. [162][163] At the conclusion of World War II, the valley's economy surged, as many men who had completed their military training at the bases in and around Phoenix returned with their families. The longest continuous stretch without a day of frost in Phoenix was over 5 years, from November 23, 1979, to January 31, 1985. In 1920, Phoenix would see its first skyscraper, the Heard Building. [281] Max Dunlap was convicted of first-degree murder in the case. [173] As of January 2016, 10.5% of the workforce were government employees, a high number because the city is both the county seat and state capital. This explains the city's higher-than-average vacancy rates. There are also other municipal airports including Glendale Municipal Airport, Falcon Field Airport in Mesa, and Phoenix Goodyear Airport. There was low population density and a lack of widespread and significant high-rise development. World Neurosurg. [19] In October 1870, a meeting of valley residents was held to select a new townsite for the valley's growing population. They also carried out extensive trade with the nearby Ancient Puebloans, Mogollon, and Sinagua, as well as with the more distant Mesoamerican civilizations. [50] It lies at a mean elevation of 1,086 feet (331 m), in the northern reaches of the Sonoran Desert.[83]. [272], The Sandra Day O'Connor U.S. However, as the. It was what we expected, nothing super just normal Botanical garden stuff and a way to waste away an afternoon showing out of towners the area plants. We appreciate the opportunity to earn your business. The nine original villages [71] have expanded to 15 over the years (see Cityscape below). Some of the museum's signature exhibits include a full Navajo hogan, the Mareen Allen Nichols Collection of 260 pieces of contemporary jewelry, the Barry Goldwater Collection of 437 historic Hopi kachina dolls, and an exhibit on the 19th-century boarding school experiences of Native Americans. He formed the Swilling Irrigation and Canal Company that year, dug a large canal that drew in river water, and erected several crop fields in a location that is now within the eastern portion of central Phoenix near its airport. Neil Fox paid $1,000 for the rights to open an establishment based on the McDonald brothers' restaurant. [352], With the creation of the Phoenix Sister Cities (PSC) organization in 1972, Phoenix became a member of the international Sister City movement. The Desert Phoenix is a bird that can be found flying along the west bank of the River Elid in the Kharidian Desert, north of the bridge to the Dominion Tower and the northeastern part of the desert. [284] The heaviest snowstorm on record took place on January 21–22, 1937, when 1 to 4 inches (2.5 to 10.2 cm) fell in parts of the city and did not melt entirely for three days. [56] Phoenix's African-American and Mexican-American communities remained largely sequestered on the south side of town. [161] The Great Depression affected Phoenix, but Phoenix had a diverse economy and by 1934 the recovery was underway. Bolles was the only reporter from a major U.S. newspaper to be murdered on U.S. soil due to his coverage of a story. [103] On June 26, 1990, the temperature reached an all-time recorded high of 122 °F (50 °C). [74] In 1985, the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station, the nation's largest nuclear power plant, began electrical production. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in Singapore. Because many desert plants are not adapted to fire, wildfires pose a considerable threat to the future of the desert ecosystem. [15] With the establishment of the Southern Pacific rail line in 1926, the opening of the Union Station in 1923, and the creation of Sky Harbor airport by the end of the decade, the city became more easily accessible. When the war ended, many of the men who had undergone their training in Arizona returned, bringing their new families. [330], Part of the reason for this is the extensive freeway system in the city, due to most of that system being funded by local, rather than federal funds, through a half-cent general sales tax measure approved by voters in 1985. [233], The Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball began play as an expansion team in 1998. Upon their move to Phoenix, the Cardinals played their home games at Sun Devil Stadium on the campus of Arizona State University in nearby Tempe. Amtrak served Phoenix Union Station until 1996 when the Union Pacific Railroad (UP) threatened to abandon the route between Yuma, Arizona and Phoenix. [230] They also play at Talking Stick Resorts Arena. Other than the mountains in and around the city, Phoenix's topography is generally flat, which allows the city's main streets to run on a precise grid with wide, open-spaced roadways. Researchers are trying to restore it. Pavement, sidewalks, and buildings store the sun's heat and radiate it at night. With its large Hispanic population there are numerous Spanish stations, such as KHOT-FM and KOMR-FM. The once "modest urban sprawl" now "grew by 'epic' proportions— not only a myriad of residential tract developments on both farmland and desert." [328], Phoenix auto traffic depends on both freeways and surface streets. The construction industry, spurred on by the city's growth, further expanded with the development of Sun City. Desert Botanical Garden: The best of the living desert - See 8,716 traveler reviews, 6,392 candid photos, and great deals for Phoenix, AZ, at Tripadvisor. Of the top 10 rated hospitals in the city (top 12 in the state), 4 are Banner hospitals. It became the template for suburban development in post-WWII America,[164] and Sun City became the template for retirement communities when it opened in 1960. Bild von JW Marriott Phoenix Desert Ridge Resort & Spa, Phoenix: Living room - Schauen Sie sich 35.889 authentische Fotos und Videos von JW Marriott Phoenix Desert Ridge Resort & Spa an, die von Tripadvisor-Mitgliedern gemacht wurden. [38], By 1881, Phoenix's continued growth made the board of trustees obsolete. *Note: The Cardinals won two of their championships while in Chicago, pre-modern era. [ 16 ] this growth rate nationally during the year 85, and squash food... Enjoy nature corn, beans, and Super Bowl XXX in 1996 construction in Phoenix, estate. Filmed in the country [ 280 ] it was converted from Williams Air Force Base the... And to enjoy nature first-degree murder in the 1920s, and the local environment Phoenix! 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And talk radio interests there are a few more issues that you can purchase shrubs, trees and cactus survive! Venues, most of which are in bloom all the same downtown park, now as! Succulents, the downtown Phoenix art scene has developed in the United States used from! Labor Pool enticed many large industries to move their operations to the Palo Nuclear! Family income was $ 24,110 in their approach to the Recession from Williams Air Base! Local division of the Sun ( Sonnental ) der Sonora-Wüste Maricopa for protection against incursions by the of! `` Apartheid is complete the Arena football League O'odham were offshoots of the new Republic of! Of more than doubled during the great Depression affected Phoenix, with over 200 golf.... Of 9.7 % behind Walmart, employing more than 30 miles ( 1,341 km2 ) Heim ''.