[17] Such heavy infantry burdens have changed little over centuries of warfare; in the late Roman Republic, legionaries were nicknamed Marius' mules as their main activity seemed to be carrying the weight of their legion around on their backs. With armoured warfare, armoured fighting vehicles have replaced the horses of cavalry, and airpower has added a new dimension to ground combat, but infantry remains pivotal to all modern combined arms operations. [note 2][18]. How to use regiment in a sentence. What is the meaning of Inf abbreviation? They also have a number of other, specialist roles. Full-scale attacks and defensive efforts are occasional, but patrols are constant. [16] Infantry typically have shared equipment on top of this, like tents or heavy weapons, where the carrying burden is spread across several infantrymen. Infantry is a military specialization that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and armored forces. These units may also entice the enemy to engage a located recon unit, thus disclosing their location to be destroyed by more powerful friendly forces. Given that infantry forces typically also have some tanks, and given that most armoured forces have more mechanised infantry units than tank units in their organisation, the distinction between mechanised infantry and armour forces has blurred. Infantry with ranged or pole weapons often carried a sword or dagger for possible hand-to-hand combat. Similarly, motorised infantry have trucks and other unarmed vehicles for non-combat movement, but are still infantry since they leave their vehicles for any combat. To also increase their staying power, multiple rows of heavy infantrymen were added. Historically, infantry have suffered high casualty rates from disease, exposure, exhaustion and privation — often in excess of the casualties suffered from enemy attacks. In this capacity, infantry essentially conducts patrol on the move, scouring terrain which may hide enemy infantry waiting to ambush friendly vehicles, and identifying enemy strong points for attack by the heavier units. The 32nd Infantry Regiment is a battalion within the United States Army. More often, such jobs are given to specialist engineering corps. With the introduction of the heavy arquebus designed to pierce standard steel armour, it was proven easier to make heavier firearms than heavier armour; armour transitioned to be only for close combat purposes. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Several of these Egyptian "divisions" made up an army, but operated independently, both on the march and tactically, demonstrating sufficient military command and control organisation for basic battlefield manoeuvres. [8] The basic training for all new US Army soldiers includes use of infantry weapons and tactics, even for tank crews, artillery crews, and base and logistical personnel. Modern developments in bullet-proof composite materials like kevlar have started a return to body armour for infantry, though the extra weight is a notable burden. Attack operations are the most basic role of the infantry, and along with defence, form the main stances of the infantry on the battlefield. The list of Regiment abbreviations in Infantry. All of these protective measures add to the weight an infantryman must carry, and may decrease combat efficiency. In modern infantry, some APCs have evolved to be infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs), which are transport vehicles with more substantial combat abilities, approaching those of light tanks. Infantry make up a large portion of all armed forces in most nations, and typically bear the largest brunt in warfare, as measured by casualties, deprivation, or physical and psychological stress.[1]. [21][22], Infantrymen often carry secondary or back-up weapons, sometimes called a sidearm or ancillary weapons in modern terminology, either issued officially as an addition to the soldier's standard arms, or acquired unofficially by any other means as an individual preference. The 13th Infantry Regiment ("First at Vicksburg") is a United States Army infantry regiment whose battalions are currently tasked as basic training battalions. [27], Because of an infantryman's duties with firearms, explosives, physical and emotional stress, and physical violence, casualties and deaths are not uncommon in both war and in peacetime training or operations. a military unit of ground forces: He sent three regiments into battle. Infantry equipped with special weapons were often named after that weapon, such as grenadiers for their grenades, or fusiliers for their fusils. Similarly, a shield has decent defence abilities, but is literally hit-or-miss; an attack from an unexpected angle can bypass it completely. To support these lines, smaller infantry formations using dispersed skirmish lines were created, called light infantry, fulfilling the same multiple roles as earlier light infantry. Modern infantrymen now treat the bayonet as a backup weapon, but may also have handguns or pistols. [5] The individual-soldier term infantryman was not coined until 1837. regiment definition: 1. a large group of soldiers, or (more generally) any large number of things or people: 2. a large…. The 103rd Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Army that served in combat in the American Civil War, World War I, and World War II. The 211th Infantry Regiment is the Regional Training Institute of Florida. Health, energy, and morale are greatly influenced by how the soldier is fed, so militaries often standardised field rations, starting from hardtack, to US K-rations, to modern MREs. Infantry have much greater local situational awareness than other military forces, due to their inherent intimate contact with the battlefield ("boots on the ground");[2] this is vital for engaging and infiltrating enemy positions, holding and defending ground (any military objectives), securing battlefield victories, maintaining military area control and security both at and behind the front lines, for capturing ordnance or materiel, taking prisoners, and military occupation. These have become mostly only ceremonial since the decline of close combat military tactics. Patrolling is the most common infantry mission. Poor climate conditions adds misery to this already demanding existence. The introduction of national and mass armies saw an establishment of minimum requirements and the introduction of special troops (first of them the engineers going back to medieval times, but also different kinds of infantry adopted to specific terrain, bicycle, motorcycle, motorised and mechanised troops) culminating with the introduction of highly trained special forces during the first and second World War. Defence operations are the natural counter to attacks, in which the mission is to hold an objective and defeat enemy forces attempting to dislodge the defender. ‘The six Scottish infantry regiments currently have a complement of 2,874 soldiers, which is 386 under strength.’ ‘Without delay he joined a Bavarian infantry regiment and served at the front as a message runner.’ ‘Steele also hopes to persuade young Scots now living in London to think of joining a Scottish regiment.’ Define Infantry Regiment. By the start of the Renaissance, the infantry began to return to dominance, with Swiss pikemen and German Landsknechts filling the role of heavy infantry again, using dense formations of pikes to drive off any cavalry. ‘The infantry battle was finely balanced, both sides fighting bravely hand-to-hand.’ ‘Tanks attacked first with infantry literally in tow as many tanks pulled along infantry soldiers on sledges.’ ‘The force now included around a battalion of infantry as well as a squadron of military engineers.’ soldiers trained, armed, and equipped to fight on foot; a branch of an army composed of these soldiers; an infantry regiment or division… See the full definition The meaning of Inf abbreviation is "Infantry" However, if light cavalry was lacking in an army, any available dragoons might be assigned their duties; this practise increased over time, and dragoons eventually received all the weapons and training as both infantry and cavalry, and could be classified as both. Modern militaries are struggling to balance the value of personal body protection versus the weight burden and ability to function under such weight. Maintaining the advantages of heavy infantry meant maintaining formation; this became even more important when two forces with heavy infantry met in battle; the solidity of the formation became the deciding factor. [19] Additional specialised equipment may be required, depending on the mission or to the particular terrain or environment, including satchel charges, demolition tools, mines, barbed wire, carried by the infantry or attached specialists. Regiment definition, a unit of ground forces, consisting of two or more battalions or battle groups, a headquarters unit, and certain supporting units. Before the adoption of the chariot to create the first mobile fighting forces c. 2000 BC,[12] all armies were pure infantry. The most basic is personal armour. [note 1] These names can persist long after the weapon speciality; examples of infantry units that retained such names are the Royal Irish Fusiliers and the Grenadier Guards. The 158th Infantry Regiment ("Bushmasters") is an infantry unit of the Arizona National Guard. 3. The cost of maintaining an army in fighting order and the seasonal nature of warfare precluded large permanent armies. The new, young soldiers of this new unit were dispatched to Harper’s Ferry before facing combat for the first time in … These take more room and individual freedom to swing and wield, necessitating a more loose organisation. When combat is expected, infantry typically switch to "packing light", meaning reducing their equipment to weapons, ammo, and bare essentials, and leaving the rest with their transport or baggage train, at camp or rally point, in temporary hidden caches, or even (in emergencies) discarding whatever may slow them down. Combat support units (a majority of the military) are not as well armed or trained as infantry units and have a different mission. The objective of pursuit operations is the destruction of withdrawing enemy forces which are not capable of effectively engaging friendly units, before they can build their strength to the point where they are effective. The increased use of firearms and the need for drill to handle them efficiently. Infantry units are tasked to protect certain areas like command posts or airbases. Surveillance operations are often carried out with the employment of small recon units or sniper teams which gather information about the enemy, reporting on characteristics such as size, activity, location, unit and equipment. [14], Dense formations are vulnerable to ranged weapons. [6] In modern usage, foot soldiers of any era are now considered infantry and infantrymen.[7]. Soldiers armed and trained to fight on foot: The general ordered his infantry to attack. Patrols consist of small groups of infantry moving about in areas of possible enemy activity to locate the enemy and destroy them when found. While soldiers in other military branches can use their mount or vehicle for carrying equipment, and tend to operate together as crews serving their vehicle or ordnance, infantrymen must operate more independently; each infantryman usually having much more personal equipment to use and carry. Beyond their main arms and armour, each infantryman's "military kit" includes combat boots, battledress or combat uniform, camping gear, heavy weather gear, survival gear, secondary weapons and ammunition, weapon service and repair kits, health and hygiene items, mess kit, rations, filled water canteen, and all other consumables each infantryman needs for the expected duration of time operating away from their unit's base, plus any special mission-specific equipment. Their arms were no lighter than line infantry; they were distinguished by their skirmish formation and flexible tactics. They may engage high-profile targets, or be employed to hunt down terrorist cells and insurgents within a given area. This is one of the most important roles for the modern infantry, particularly when operating alongside armoured vehicles. This encourages searching for ingenious combinations of effective, rugged, serviceable and adaptable, yet light, compact, and handy infantry equipment. They can operate in a wide range of terrain inaccessible to military vehicles, and can operate with a lower logistical burden. Learn more. The introduction of musketeers using bayonets in the mid 17th century began replacement of the pike with the infantry square replacing the pike square.[15]. In all, this can reach 25–45 kg (60–100 lb) for each soldier on the march. Some non-weapon equipment are designed for close combat shock effects, to get and psychological edge before melee, such as battle flags, war drums, brilliant uniforms, fierce body paint or tattoos, and even battle cries. [29], Some infantry units are considered Special Forces. Some well-equipped mechanised infantry can be designated as armoured infantry. Patrols are used not only on the front-lines, but in rear areas where enemy infiltration or insurgencies are possible. The 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment (505th PIR) is one of four infantry regiments of the 82nd Airborne Division of the United States Army. A spear has decent attack abilities with the additional advantage keeping opponents at distance; this advantage can be increased by using longer spears, but this could allow the opponent to side-step the point of the spear and close for hand-to-hand combat where the longer spear is near useless. Modern versions include machine guns, anti-tank missiles, and infantry mortars. Mechanised infantry go beyond motorised, having transport vehicles with combat abilities, armoured personnel carriers (APCs), providing at least some options for combat without leaving their vehicles. List page number 3 The definition of an infantry is a unit of soldiers who move and fight on foot. In the Western world, from Classical Antiquity through the Middle Ages (c. 8th century BC to 15th century AD), infantry are categorised as either heavy infantry or light infantry. A unit, such as a regiment, of such soldiers: Company B of the 7th Infantry. The available technology, resources, history, and society can produce quite different weapons for each military and era, but common infantry weapons can be distinguished in a few basic categories. Infantrymen live, fight and die outdoors in all types of brutal climates, often with no physical shelter. ... 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