Later, the endosperm matures and deposits onto the coconut rind during the cellular phase. Cytogenetics of Coconut. Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, pp 165–171, Davis TA (1947) A three crowned coconut palm. He explained how at Guam "they eat coconuts" ("mangiano cochi") and that the natives there also "anoint the body and the hair with coconut and beniseed oil" ("ongieno el corpo et li capili co oleo de cocho et de giongioli"). Daya Publishing House, New Delhi, pp 73–130, Niral V, Arunachalam V, Augustine Jerard B, Samsudeen K, Kumaran PM (2006) Planting material production in coconut through seeds as influenced by genetic variability. The coconut is used primarily for its oil, fiber, and as an article of food, including its tender-nut water. [80][81], Traditional areas of coconut cultivation in India are the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and, Gujarat and the islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar. Botany. Summer Vacations. 51 64 5. It prefers areas with abundant sunlight and regular rainfall (1,500–2,500 mm [59–98 in] annually), which makes colonizing shorelines of the tropics relatively straightforward. 95 Get this from a library! Palm Leaf Green Botany. There… One recently selected cultivar, the 'Maypan', has been bred for resistance to this disease. Until the 1950s, coconut oil used to rank first in the world in production and international trade among all the vegetable oils. Malayan Agri J 10:4–12, Jacob KC (1935) Stem fasciation in the coconut palm. Indian Cocon J 6:152–154, Satyabalan K (1993) The coconut palm-botany and breeding. 58 56 6. (1950) Kon-Tiki: Across the Pacific by Raft. However, it is not native and display a genetic bottleneck resulting from a founder effect. The coconut is of … [15], The American botanist Orator F. Cook proposed a theory in 1901 on the location of the origin of Cocos nucifera based on its current worldwide distribution. [91], A special cultivar of coconut known as macapuno has a jelly-like coconut meat. This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 12:49. Polybag … In Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore and Tirupur regions top the production list. Beach in Hawaii with coconut palm tree. share | improve this question | follow | edited Nov 2 '15 at 14:56. fileunderwater . [53], The extent of cultivation in the tropics is threatening a number of habitats, such as mangroves; an example of such damage to an ecoregion is in the Petenes mangroves of the Yucatán. Botanically speaking, a coconut is a fibrous one-seeded drupe, also known as a dry drupe. share | improve this question | follow | edited Nov 2 '15 at 14:56. fileunderwater . Central Plantation Crops Research Institute, Kasaragod, Kerala, India, p 139. [14], In March 1521, a description of the coconut was given by Antonio Pigafetta writing in Italian and using the words "cocho"/"cochi", as recorded in his journal after the first European crossing of the Pacific Ocean during the Magellan circumnavigation and meeting the inhabitants of what would become known as Guam and the Philippines. Historical biogeography. 38 49 5. Philippine Agric 20:195–198, Aiyadurai SG, Mohammed Ibrahim PA, Ramanathan T (1959) Multiple seedlings from a germinating coconut. Ubud Botany Interactive, Ubud Picture: Cutting the coconut - Check out Tripadvisor members' 83,142 candid photos and videos of Ubud Botany Interactive Such an origin indicates that the coconuts were not introduced naturally, such as by sea currents. 25 54 1. The coconut's obscure origin in foreign lands led to the notion of using cups made from the shell to neutralise poisoned drinks. Ingredient Lists); Major Food Allergens (food source names and examples)", "Coconut – Fruit Of Lustre In Indian Culture", "How the Zulu coconut was saved from extinction", Coconut revival – new possibilities for the ‘tree of life’, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coconut&oldid=995702024, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles needing additional references from May 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from August 2016, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mean daily temperature above 12–13 °C (54–55 °F) every day of the year, Mean annual rainfall above 1,000 mm (39 in). The endosperm tissue is thicker at the antipodal end. [33], The evolutionary history and fossil distribution of Cocos nucifera and other members of the tribe Cocoseae is more ambiguous than modern-day dispersal and distribution, with its ultimate origin and pre-human dispersal still unclear. Dried half shells are used as the bodies of musical instruments, including the Chinese yehu and banhu, along with the Vietnamese đàn gáo and Arabo-Turkic rebab. The native population has drunk since ancient times, and now coconut water has become a very popular drink in the United States and the United Kingdom. The palm has adventitious roots continually produced from the base of the trunk, which is the swollen part or what is termed 'bole', in tall types and in some dwarf hybrids. He took the term from the Arabs, who called it جوز هندي jawz hindī, translating to 'Indian nut'. Harries' adoption of the Polynesian terms niu kafa and niu vai has now passed into general scientific discourse, and his hypothesis is generally accepted. There are 2 main varieties, distinguishable according to height. Chan, Edward and Craig R. Elevitch. Some of the dwarf cultivars such as 'Malayan dwarf' have shown some promising resistance to lethal yellowing, while other cultivars such as 'Jamaican tall' are highly affected by the same plant disease. The immature seeds are infested and desapped by larvae staying in the portion covered by the perianth of the immature seed; the seeds then drop off or survive deformed. Some seasonal variation is tolerated, with good growth where mean summer temperatures are between 28 and 37 °C (82 and 99 °F), and survival as long as winter temperatures are above 4–12 °C (39–54 °F); they will survive brief drops to 0 °C (32 °F). 52 64 5. The reasons why coconut are cultivated only in Yemen's Al Mahrah and Hadramaut governorates and in the Sultanate of Oman, but not in other suitable areas in the Arabian Peninsula, may originate from the fact that Oman and Hadramaut had long dhow trade relations with Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, East Africa, and Zanzibar, as well as southern India and China. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, "Reviving the Coconut Industry of the Philippines", "Coconut faces a looming global supply shortage, but could an Australian industry crack it? As such, hybridization is mainly intraspecific. The roots are considered antipyretic and diuretic. [94] Coconut milk can be diluted to create coconut milk beverages. ", "Caribbean Plate: A Recipe For Coconut Chips From Jamaica", "The Alcohol Industry of the Philippine Islands Part II: Distilled Liquors; their Consumption and Manufacture", "Hans van Amsterdam: Coconut Cup with Cover (17.190.622ab) – Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History – The Metropolitan Museum of Art", "Remembering PT-109: A carved walking stick evokes ship commander John F. Kennedy's dramatic rescue at sea", "MO63.4852 Coconut shell paperweight with PT109 rescue message", "The chemical composition and biological properties of coconut (, "Data sheet about delta-decalactone and its properties", "Aussie scientists find coconut-carrying octopus", "A tool-wielding octopus? The Kerala state in Malayalam is known as “Keralam”. We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Sunset The Sky Twilight. The stiff midribs of coconut leaves are used for making brooms in India, Indonesia (sapu lidi), Malaysia, the Maldives, and the Philippines (walis tingting). Fruit Apple Banana. Germination rate. Perera, Lalith, Suriya A.C.N. In Thailand, the coconut husk is used as a potting medium to produce healthy forest tree saplings. Can you plant a store bought coconut. Frison, E.A. 7 1 17. I. Newly germinated coconuts contain an edible fluff of marshmallow-like consistency called sprouted coconut or coconut sprout, produced as the endosperm nourishes the developing embryo. Indonesia overtook it in 2010. Unlike the UAE, which grows mostly non-native dwarf or hybrid coconut cultivars imported from Florida for ornamental purposes, the slender, tall Omani coconut cultivars are relatively well-adapted to the Middle East's hot dry seasons, but need longer to reach maturity.